If you’ve ever gone to an optometrist, they’ve probably asked you whether your vision is blurry or clouded, or if you ever see double or have eye pain.
These questions help rule out the possibility of cataracts, which occur when proteins break down and cloud up the natural lenses in our eyes. Because cataracts interfere with light passing through our eyes correctly, they can cause multiple vision problems:
- Cloudy vision
- Seeing double
- Sensitivity to light, especially at night
- A brown or yellow tint to your vision
- Problems driving at night and more
The most common cause of cataracts is age. Other factors can increase your chances of getting them, such as drinking alcohol and smoking excessively, eye injury, diabetes, and other genetic factors. Another key contributor is UV damage from the sun. This can occur if you’re outside a lot without glasses that block UV rays. Protecting your eyes by wearing sunglasses or regular glasses with UV-blocking tints is one of the best ways to prevent cataracts.
While cataracts are problematic, they can be treated. If your symptoms aren’t too bad or interfering dangerously with your daily life, a stronger contacts or eyeglasses prescription may help. If cataracts are hindering your sight badly, they can be removed surgically in a quick and safe procedure.